How Plants Work – “Greatest Hits” of 2017 – April
Plant-Microbe Symbiosis – From Agriculture to Evolution.
4 (CC BY-SA 2.0) by Herman
For April 2017, we apparently have another common theme among the most retweeted plant news stories, namely, plant-associated microorganisms.
“‘While agriculture should certainly learn from nature, we mustn’t be fixated on it. After all, agriculture and nature are fundamentally different.’”
Agriculture should not attempt to copy nature.
“Feeding a growing world population amidst climate change requires optimizing the reliability, resource use, and environmental impacts of food production. One way to assist in achieving these goals is to integrate beneficial plant microbiomes—i.e., those enhancing plant growth, nutrient use efficiency, abiotic stress tolerance, and disease resistance—into agricultural production.”
Research priorities for harnessing plant microbiomes in sustainable agriculture.
“Since the Industrial Revolution, the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has rapidly increased. Researchers at the University of New Hampshire set out to determine how rising carbon dioxide concentrations and different climates may alter vegetation like forests, croplands, and 40 million acres of American lawns. They found that the clues may lie in an unexpected source, mushrooms.
Researchers Find Mushrooms May Hold Clues to Effect of Carbon Dioxide on Lawns.
“You’ve probably heard of an oak tree, but have you ever heard of a jabuticaba or boojum tree? Trees are important for timber, food, and medicine, but getting a handle on the world’s thousands of tree species is a tough task. Up until this year, there’s been no complete census. Now, researchers have published the first global database of tree species and their geographical ranges,…”
How many tree species are there? More than you can shake a stick at, new database reveals.
And the most popular plant news item at the HPW Twitter feed in April 2017 was:
“Walking through a grassy field or forest take a moment to consider what lies beneath the surface. A web of plant roots interacts symbiotically with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi that extend their hyphae from the root system further into the earth, accessing nutrients such as phosphates to give to the plant in return for carbohydrates, tit for tat.”
400 million years of a stable relationship: clues to the molecular basis of balance in AM symbiosis.
The favorite plant news item of May, 2017?….It involves something that you may be drinking right now. Visit here tomorrow to find out.